Swansea is the city of Swansea. It is the twenty-fifth central city and second main city in Wales after Cardiff in the United Kingdom. It is situated on the sandy South West Wales coast. Rendering to its local assembly, the City and County of Swansea had a populace of 241,300 in 2014. The last authorised survey stated that the city, city and urban extents joint decided to be a total of 462,000 in 2011, creating it the second greatest populous local expert area in Wales after Cardiff. During its 19th-century manufacturing heydey, Swansea was an important centre of the copper industry, making the nickname 'Copperopolis'.
In 1887, Swansea was a settlement at the mouth of the river Tawe, covering 4,562 acres (1,846 ha) in the county of Glamorgan. There were three major postponements to the limits of the borough, first in 1835, when Morriston, St Thomas, Landore, St John-juxta-Swansea, and part of Llansamlet parish were additional, and again in 1889 when areas around Cwmbwrla and Trewyddfa were comprised, and in 1918 when the borough was distended to comprise the whole of the antique parish of Swansea, the southern part of Llangyfelach parish, all of Llansamlet parish, Oystermouth Urban District and Brenau parish.
The population of the Swansea built-up area within the unitary power limits in 2011 was about 179,485, and the council population was 238,700. The other built-up areas within the unitary power are centred on Gorseinon and Pontarddulais. In 2011, the Gorseinon urbanised area had a population of 20,581, and the Pontarddulais built-up area had a population of 9,073. However, the wider urban area counting most of Swansea Bay has a total population of 300,352.
People from Swansea are recognised nearby as Swansea Jacks or just Jacks. The basis of this nickname is not clear. Some quality it to Swansea Jack, the life-saving dog.
Through the 19th century, the Vivian family did ample to develop Swansea into a city. Their wealth and effect originated from large copper mining, melting and interchange trades in Swansea (Vivian & Sons), and is still noticeable today in their previous family residences: Singleton Abbey, Sketty Hall, Clyne Castle and Clyne Gardens. Henry Vivian suited the first Lord Swansea in 1893.
Swansea's most well-known daughter is Hollywood actress Catherine Zeta-Jones who still possesses a home in Mumbles. Swansea is also the home town of 2013 ITU Triathlon World Champion Non-Stanford. The thriller writer, Mark Ellis was cultured in Swansea.